Economic, Social and Cultural Rights:
A Knowledge Product for Zambian Policy Makers
The purpose of this knowledge product is to give an overview of economic, social and cultural (ESC) rights, especially as they relate to the Zambian context. Although Zambia ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) on 10 April 1984, none of these rights are currently provided for in the legally enforceable section of the Zambian Constitution. Under the 1996 Constitution, ESC rights do not form part of the Bill of Rights; but rather are included as Directives of State Policy, which explicitly are not legally enforceable.